Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb

Pada topik kali ini, kita akan belajar auxiliary verb dan contoh kalimat auxiliary verb di dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris. Jadi apa yang dimaksud dengan auxiliary verb dan bagaimana penggunaan auxiliary verb dalam sebuah kalimat serta kapan kita harus menggunakannya.

Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb


Auxiliary verb artinya kata bantu, auxiliary verb ini juga sering disebut helping verb (kata bantu), kata yang membantu kata lain didalam kalimat bahasa Inggris sebagai contoh:

She is reading a novel book. Kata is pada kalimat tadi adalah auxiliary verb atau linking verb (kata bantu) karena bila tidak ada kata bantu tersebut maka kalimat tadi tidak lengkap (sempurna). Kita tidak bisa berkata “She reading a novel book.” Memang ada kalimat seperti itu namun maknanya bukan lagi “sedang melakukan/sedang membaca”.

Mari kita lanjutkan ke jenis-jenis auxiliary verb dalam bahasa Inggris serta kapan saja kita menggunakannya dan juga contoh kalimat auxiliary verb dalam bahasa Inggris.

1. Jenis-jenis auxiliary verb

  • be (am, are, is, was, were, being),
  • can,
  • could,
  • do, does, did,
  • have, has, had,
  • may, might,
  • must,
  • shall, should,
  • will, would

2. Kapan menggunakan auxiliary verb

Auxiliary verb digunakan apabila kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris berbentuk:

  • Progressive (continuous)
  • Future tense
  • Be going to (future tense)
  • Passive voice
  • Perfect tense
  • Making questions
  • Negative sentence

3. Contoh kalimat auxiliary verb

Kita akan belajar setiap penggunaan auxiliary verb dalam sebuah kalimat di dalam bahasa Inggris. Perhatikan contoh kalimat auxiliary verb berikut ini:

3.1 Be (is, am, are, was, were, being)

  1. They are playing football.
  2. Is she cleaning the floor?
  3. He wasn’t watching the TV when I knocked the door yesterday night.
  4. The TV wasn’t being watched by him.
  5. We were hiking the mountain.
  6. I am listening to the radio.

3.2 Can

  1. He really can play the guitar.
  2. Can you pass me the rice, please?
  3. She can work up to 10 hours a day.
  4. Lucy can make a dog voice.

3.3 Could

  1. I wish I could meet her before leaving this city.
  2. I could see nobody there.

3.4 Do, does, did

  1. Do you know where my bag is?
  2. She doesn’t understand what you mean.
  3. Did he swim last week?
  4. I don’t know how to play this game.
  5. She didn’t make any mistake.

3.5 Have, has, had

  1. I have been working here for about two years.
  2. Has she studied for the next exam?
  3. They had finished the project.

3.6 May, might

  1. You may swim with your friends.
  2. I might be a bit late tomorrow morning.
  3. May both of you be blessed.

3.7 Must

  1. You must come on time.
  2. She must win the game.

3.8 Shall, should

  1. You should prepare for the competition.
  2. Shall we go now?

3.9 Will, would

  1. Would you pick me up at 9 o’clock tomorrow?
  2. I will go to Japan next summer.

Nantikan terus pelajaran terbaru yang akan kita bahas satu per satu di website smartenglish.id, kalau kamu mengalami kesulitan belajar grammar, bisa langsung kontak via whatsapp nanti bisa kita bahasa lebih detail.

Baca: Contoh Kata Kerja Transitif dan Intransitif Disertai Kalimat

Foto: freedesignfile.com

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Last update on 15.06.2019

Immer Manalu

Merupakan lulusan dari Universitas Teknologi Yogyakarta jurusan Sastra Inggris & mantan English Teacher di EF (English First), blog ini merupakan tempat saya menulis dan menuangkan ilmu pengetahuan tentang bahasa Inggris khususnya di bidang Grammar.

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